Predicting the impact of climate change on the distribution pattern of Agamura persica (Dumeril, 1856) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Iran

Sayyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani, Mansour Aliabadian, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Jamshid Darvish


Species distribution modeling is an important tool that uses ecological data to aid in biological conservation. In the present study we used prediction methods, including maximum entropy (Maxent), to project the distribution of the Persian Spider gecko and the impact of climate change on its distribution in Iran. The results were consistent between models and indicated that two of the most important variables in determining distribution of Agamura persica are mean temperature of the wettest quarter and temperature seasonality. All of the models used in this study obtained high area-under-the-curve (AUC) values. Because of the nocturnal behavior of the species, these variables can directly affect species’ activity by determining the vegetation type in habitat. Suitable habitats of Agamura persica were in two locations in eastern Iran and a third location in the central plateau. Habitat suitability for this species was increased in the last glacial maximum (LGM), at which time most parts of the Iranian Plateau were suitable (even southwest Iran). However, the suitable habitat area is restricted to the central part of the plateau in the current period. Predictions from four scenarios indicate that future habitat suitability will be patchy and that the central part of the plateau will remain the most important part of the species distribution.


habitat suitability; Iran; nocturnal behaviour; sub mountain region; vegetation type

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